In the past, manufacturing-led development typically delivered both productivity gains and job creation for unskilled labor. Looking ahead, changing technologies and shifting globalization patterns bring manufacturing-led development strategies into question.
Mr. Otaviano Canuto currently holds the position of Executive Director at the Executive Board of Directors of the World Bank Group and its Affiliates, the same position he held when he was Executive Director of the World Bank from 2004-2007. He represents Brazil, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Haiti, Panama, Philippines, Suriname, and Trinidad & Tobago. He is also a member and Chairman of the Committee on Development Effectiveness (CODE).
Prior to this position, Mr. Canuto served in the following capacities: Executive Director of the Board of Directors of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) for Brazil, Cabo Verde, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Guyana, Haiti, Nicaragua, Panama, Suriname, Timor Leste, and Trinidad & Tobago (2015-2016); Senior Advisor on BRICS economies at the World Bank (2014-2015); Vice President for Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Network (PREM), World Bank (2009-2014); and Vice President for Countries at the Inter-American Development Bank (2007-2008). In Brazil, in the year 2003, he was State Secretary for International Affairs at the Ministry of Finance.
Mr. Canuto received his Master in Economics from the Concordia University in Montreal, Canada, and was subsequently awarded his Doctorate in Economics from the University of Campinas, Brazil. At the University of São Paulo and at the University of Campinas (UNICAMP) in Brazil, he was a Professor of macro and international economics.
He has authored and co-edited 7 books and over 160 book chapters and academic articles, and is a frequent contributor to numerous blogs and periodicals: Huffington Post; Project Syndicate; VoxEU; Roubini Global Economics; Seeking Alpha; No Se Mancha; and Columbia Global Centers.
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